In order to avoid chemicals and save the environment; I make my own laundry soap. It works really well. No smelly clothes. In fact the clothes has no smell at all. And it also saves a lot of money Very easy to make – all positive
The price of 20 litres of non-toxic, environmentally friendly easy-made laundry detergent is about 20 kr (3$). Any supermarket here selling this will charge you more than 50 kr for 1.5 litre
Here is how to make it:
Grate one bar of castile soap with a cheese grater or a food processor.
Put the grated soap in a pan with 2 quarts water and gradually heat, stirring constantly until soap is completely
Put 15 litres of really hot tap water in a 17 litre bucket and stir in 2 cups of Washing Soda until completely dissolved.
Pour soap mixture from pan into the 17 litre bucket. Stir well.
Cover and leave overnight.
Shake or stir until smooth and pour into empty bottles. I use old water and coke bottles.
Use 1 cup per load of laundry. To retain colour and soften the water, I use a bit of vinegar each time.
Making washing soda is a very simple process. You basically need to bake “baking soda”.
Tools: An oven, a pan, a heat-proof utensil and the baking soda.
Pour out the baking soda onto the oven-safe pan and spread it out to a thin layer. If you need a lot, use two pans.
It is important that the layer is thin because that way the heat can penetrate all of it more quickly and you won’t have to keep your oven on for so long.
Heat your oven to 200 – 230° C (400-450° F). Place the pan(s) of baking soda into your heated oven for about 1 – 1.5 hours. I stirred the baking soda around while it was in there.
The baking soda has turned to washing soda when it gets a slightly more grainy texture, less shiny, grey colour. Baking soda is fluffy, powdery, and slightly shiny.
Remove your pan of washing soda from the oven and allow it to cool completely. Then use it to make your laundry detergent or just store it in a clearly labelled container. I usually make a lot and use part of it immediately to make liquid laundry soap and part of it I store (it takes much less space as powder than liquid laundry detergent).
This article will show you how to make your own castile soap bars. Buying natural or organic soap is very expensive today and unfortunately the healthy choice has become the expensive choice. And even if you are willing to pay the price for seemingly “natural products”, you will often find a long list of chemicals (non-natural additives) on the ingredient label on the back and think “what on earth is all this?”
I will advise you to never buy a product only judging from its name, because names these days are very deceptive (e.g. “herbal essence” which not only contains lots chemicals such as the carcinogen 1, 4-dioxane, which is known to cause cancer, but they also test on animals) and there is far between real natural products without chemicals inside.
This is what inspired me to make my own soap, deodorant, toothpaste, and cream. I simply couldn’t find products without chemicals – or rather I found very few (such as Miessence) but they are very expensive.
Making your own products is fairly simple, cheap and joyful….since you will be 100% sure that no additives have been added.
The recipe below uses proportions of oil and lye to create a PH balanced soap that will be very mild to the skin.
Here is the recipe for 7 bars of olive oil castile soap:
• 150g/ 164 ml coconut oil
• 538 g/ 580 ml olive oil
• 190-220 ml cold water
• 92 g lye /sodium hydroxide/ caustic soda
• 20 drops lemon oil (can use any kind of pure oils)
Alternatively you can make a double portion with half coconut oil and half olive oil. This will give you 14 bars of castile soap:
• 688 g coconut oil
• 688 g olive oil
• 509 ml cold water
• 198 g lye /sodium hydroxide/ caustic soda
• 1 tea spoon of lemon oil (you can use any kind of pure essential oil)
Here are the tools you need:
• A digital scale
• 2 thermometers that can measure up to 93° Celsius/ 200° Fahrenheit.
• A stick blender.
• 1 high temperature plastic jars (to mix the sodium hydroxide and water). I use a plastic bucket
• 1 plastic bucket to mix the sodium hydroxide mix with the oil mix)
• 1 glass bowl for lye
• 1 ceramic bowl for heating up the oil in the microwave
• A long-handled plastic mixing spoon.
• A ladle.
• Soap molds – alternative you can use a water bottle (1.5 liters) and cut it open when taking the soap out.
Caution: Whenever working with lye you should use rubber gloves, protective glasses and long sleeved skirts and pants to protect your skin from accidental splashes of the liquid.
How to make the soap:
1. Add lye to water in a high temperature plastic container somewhere with fresh air (outside your house). Do not breathe fumes. Always add Lye to water (not reverse). Caution: Temperature of mixture will rise to approximately 91ºC / 195ºF. Stir mixture with plastic spoon.
2. Allow lye to cool (place in bowl of cold water to speed up cooling).
3. Mix oils and microwave to 43º C/ 110ºF (that’s about 2 minutes in my microwave).
4. When both solutions are at 43º C/ 110ºF, add lye solution to the oil mixture. Blend with stick blender until the mixture reaches “trace” where you can see a film on top of the soap that traces the line of the stick blender. Ladle into molds.
5. Leave it in the mold for the next two days. PH will be high and can burn the skin for the first 48 hrs. The PH will settle to neutral after this.
6. Place molds in freezer for 1 hour to help separate the soap from the molds.
7. Use plastic gloves when handling the soaps the first month.
8. If you use a plastic bottle to pour inside the liquid soap mix, cut up the bottle and take out the hardened soap mass and cut it into pieces.
9. Place the soaps on paper.
10. Allow 6-8 weeks to air dry before use.
Distilled water can be used to guarantee that the PH of the soap will be neutral when complete, and that no impurities are in the water that could affect the saponification process. In Denmark I just use tap water since that’s perfectly thing (very fortunate).
Lye (Sodium Hydroxide) can be purchased in cleaning section of many supermarkets. Make sure you buy the one that says 100% lye/ caustic soda/ sodium hydroxide.
I wish there was such a thing as a completely natural soap made only from coconut oil, olive oil, essential oils etc. But this is unfortunately impossible. There is absolutely no way to make a bar soap without using lye.
The basic reaction that is needed to make soap, called ‘saponification’, cannot occur without some form of lye reacting with some form of oil. Lye is actually a general term for a very strong alkali. There are two alkali’s that can be used to make soap: sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and potassium hydroxide. Both are considered lye, but the potassium hydroxide is not strong enough to make a solid soap. It is only used for making liquid soaps.
Therefore sodium hydroxide cannot be substituted for potassium hydroxide and vice versa because soap making recipes will have different quantity requirements for these two chemicals depending on the kind of soap being manufactured. In addition, the quantities required for soap saponification differ when using caustic soda and hydrated potash.
Soap manufacturers do everything they can to hide the fact that they use lye in their soap. Dr. Bronners soap, which is considered “pure” natural, uses lye. It is hidden under the term “saponified oils”, which is actually the process of mixing lye with oil. Soap simply cannot be made without lye.
Lye is commercially manufactured using a membrane cell chlor-alkali process. It is one of the highest volume industrial chemicals with an annual production of 40 million tons. It is supplied in various forms such as flakes, pellets, microbeads, coarse powder or a solution. I use flakes to make soap – but would use any form available.
Interesting enough, Lye is also used for other things:
Food uses: Lye is used to cure types of food, such as: lutefisk; olives (making them less bitter); canned mandarin oranges; pretzels etc. It is also used as a tenderizer in the crust of baked Cantonese moon cakes, and in lye-water “zongzi” (glutenous rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves); in chewy, southern Chinese noodles popular in Hong Kong and southern China; plus, in Japanese ramen noodles.
Household uses: Lye is also valued for its cleaning effects. It is commonly the major constituent in commercial and industrial oven cleaners and clogged drain openers, due to its grease-dissolving abilities. Lye decomposes greases via alkaline ester hydrolysis, yielding water soluble, easily removed (e.g., rinsed away) residual substances.
It does have hazardous reactions and has a potentially destructive effect on living tissues (e.g., skin, flesh, and the cornea). Solutions containing it can cause chemical burns, permanent injuries, scarring, and blindness—immediately upon contact. Lye may be harmful or even fatal if swallowed; ingestion can cause esophageal stricture. Moreover, solvation of dry solid lye is highly exothermic; the resulting heat may cause additional burns, or, ignite flammables. Therefore it is extremely important to use personal protective equipment including safety glasses, chemical-resistant gloves, and adequate ventilation when using lye to make soap (or clean your drain).
The reaction between sodium hydroxide and a few metals is also hazardous. Aluminium reacts with lye to produce hydrogen gases. Since hydrogen is flammable, mixing a large quantity of lye (e.g., sodium hydroxide) and aluminum in a closed container is dangerous – especially when the system is at a high temperature, which speeds up the reaction. In addition to aluminum, lye may also react with magnesium; galvanized zinc; tin; chromium; brass; and, bronze—producing hydrogen gas. Therefore I always use plastic containers and glass when I make soap.
Jeg har netop afsluttet en 15 dages faste. Reelt set var fasten ikke 15 dage, men for at gennemføre en 3 dages vand faste er det vigtigt at forberede kroppen. Det tager tid. Denne artikel er en trin-for-trin-vejledning.
Lad være med at faste hvis du har diabetes, hypoglykæmi, er gravid eller ammer. For de fleste mennesker er faste kke en nem opgave, og du skal være parat til at tage fri for at gøre det.
Du kan reducere bivirkningerne af at faste ved at følge en rå-juice faste i stedet for rent vand. Det vil bremse fjernelsen af toksiner fra kroppen og også fjerne nogle detox symptomer. Detox symptomer omfatter: kvalme, hovedpine, svimmelhed, mangel på energi, mavesmerter, kramper, smerter i benene, forvirring osv. (du velkommen til at tilføje din egen oplevelse til det).
3 dage hjælper kroppen slippe af med toksiner og renser blodet.
5 dage starter processen med at heale og genopbygge immunforsvaret.
10 dage giver kroppen tid til at gøre bod på skader forårsaget af langvarig udsættelse for farlige kemikalier og giftstoffer.
Det er ikke tilrådeligt at gå lige fra normale spise-og drikkevaner til faste. Det vil få kroppen til at gå ind i en chok tilstand. Jeg har engang prøvet det i Thailand. Jeg ønskede at faste og troede at fordi jeg normalt hovedsagelig spiser friske frugter og grøntsager, så jeg kunne gå lige fra at spise dette til faste på vand. Jeg gav op efter den første dag.
Nedenstående er en trin-for-trin guide til at faste:
Trin # 1: Forberedelse til faste (uge 1 & 2)
Stop med at spise kød, mejeriprodukter, fisk, drikke kaffe, alkohol, rygning. Ved udgangen af ??den anden uge skal din kost kun være frugt, grøntsager, kerner og nødder.
Trin # 2: Rå frugt, grøntsager, nødder og kerner (3 dage)
Tre dage, hvor alle måltider kun består af rå frugt, grøntsager, kerner og nødder.
Trin # 3: Blendet rå mad (3 dage)
Tre dage før vand fasten, blend alle dine fødevarer i en blender. Dette er en måde at forberede dit fordøjelsessystem på at bremse ned og være klar til den manglende mad. Dette er det trin jeg sprang over sidste gang jeg fastede og det gjorde en verden til forskel at gøre det. At drikke fødevarer er slet ikke det samme som tygge mad.
Trin # 4: Vand faste (3 dage)
Drik mindst 3 liter vand hver dag. Du vil måske finde dette svært på den anden og tredje dag fordi din mave er blevet mindre. Sørg for at du har fuldstændig hvile i disse dage. Lav ikke nogen planer. Jeg foreslår, at du tager fri eller alternativt starter dag 1 torsdag aften og slutter fasten søndag aften. Det er hvad jeg gjorde. Jeg fandt den første dag hårdest. Jeg tænkte konstant på mad. Selv de mest simple fødevarer syntes overvældende lækre (som f.eks. et tørt stykke brød med tomat). Jeg led også af søvnløshed og en vis forvirring. Den anden dag var nemmere bortset fra at jeg var svimmel, havde synsproblemer og kvalme et par gange. Den tredje dag var en leg, bortset fra en mærkelig smerte i mine ben og en smule kvalme. Den første frugt shake var ærligt talt ikke så god som forventet (søndag aften). Du kan lette fasten ved at drikke destilleret vand med økologisk citronsaft eller økologisk kamille te. Jeg havde ikke adgang til økologiske produkter, og derfor fastede jeg udelukkende på vand.
Trin # 5: Blendet rå mad (3 dage)
Vend tilbage til blendet rå frugt, grøntsager, kerner og nødder i 3 dage efter din faste. De ønskede virkninger kan blive ødelagt ved at spise kogte fødevarer umiddelbart efter.
Trin # 6: Rå frugt, grøntsager, nødder og kerner (3 dage)
Tre dage hvor alle måltider kun består af rå frugt, grøntsager, kerner og nødder.
Trin # 7: Genindfør anden mad
Langsomt genindfør andre slags fødevarer i din kost. Hvis du tror, at du måske har fødevarer over-følsomhed eller allergi, så er dette at godt tidspunkt at teste disse fødevarer. Én ad gangen kan du langsomt genindføre hvede, mejeriprodukter, æg, soja og sukker til din krop. Vælg én ny hver dag, og i løbet af dagen spis 2 til 3 portioner. Bemærk eventuelle reaktioner. Vent for en dag, og på den tredje dag, kan du prøve en anden slags. Gentag, indtil du har prøvet alle de mulige typer af allergi fødevarer.
Den bedste del ved fasten for mig var at jeg gennemførte den, og at jeg har udviklet en ny kærlighed til madlavning / tilberedelse af mad.
Held og lykke med din faste og skriv endelig dine oplevelser til os, så vi kan dele dem med andre læsere.
NB: Denne artikel findes på engelsk også, men jeg har valgt at oversætte den så min mor og andre danske læsere kan finde en nem vejledning.
It is estimated that 5.2 million people worldwide are now receiving treatment for AIDS (ARVs) that could save their lives.
But more lives can be saved and the infection rate reduced if treatment start earlier according to the World Health Organisation WHO.
Compared to the total number of HIV-infected. assumed to be at least 33 million, the 5.2 million is far from enough. But it is 12 times as many as in 2003, when WHO launched a special effort against HIV. In 2008 there were 4 million infected in ARV treatment.
WHO now recommends that treatment is started even before the immune system is weakened and HIV develops into AIDS.
” An earlier treatment allows people to live healthier and longer with HIV,” said Dr. Gottfried Hirnschall, Head of WHO’s program on HIV / AIDS.
According to WHO, it would be possible to reduce AIDS mortality by 20 percent between 2010 and 2015 if these guidelines for early intervention is implemented.
Early treatment will also make it possible to prevent many infections, including tuberculosis (TB), which is the leading cause of deaths among people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA).
According to WHO deaths from TB can be reduced by as much as 90 percent if people with both HIV and TB gets treatment earlier.
‘In addition to saving lives, the earlier treatment also helps in terms of prevention. The treatment reduces the level of virus in the organism, and this means that HIV-positive people are less likely to infect their partners with the virus.
WHO guidelines will expand the number of people who should be on ARVs from 10 to 15 million.
The AIDS epidemic was discovered in 1980/81. In the first 14 to 15 years there was no effective treatment and an AIDS diagnosis was basically equal to a death sentence.
The big breakthrough in the fight against HIV and AIDS came with the introduction of combination therapies (ARVs) in the mid-1990s. Several different drugs used simultaneously were found to have a good effect.
The change was so great that AIDS in large parts of the western world was transformed from a deadly disease to a life-long infection.
But the HIV treatment is expensive and it requires both money and a relatively well-organized health system to establish and maintain lifelong treatments against HIV and AIDS.
It is still my hope that one day ARVs will be available to everyone who needs it.
Palm reading, otherwise known as palmistry or chiromancy, is practised all over the world, but you have to be lucky to find a skilled hand reader. I was lucky to find one while visiting Chiang Mai on a holiday. His name is Dennis and he has been doing it for 15 years and originally learned about it in Mexico (although he is American).
Hand reading has its roots in Indian astrology and Roma fortune-telling. The objective is to evaluate a person’s character or future by studying the palm of their hand. Dennis, however, does not reveal bad things about the future, because he rightfully believes it gives negative visualisation. What he does, is to give you very personal information about your character, which can help you in your personal and professional development.
Without going into details about what he told me, I was positively surprised about the indepth knowledge he had of my personality and past life – things no-one could have told him. This is why I give him my finest recommendation (being a sceptic myself). Dennis himself thinks is it a kind of magic to be able to read people’s hands because it seems unreal, but is possible. He says that he also uses a lot of intuition and it just comes to him. To me he is a psychic hand reader. He is very dedicated and gets very excited and caught up in the “visions” he has of you and you have to listen carefully to remember everything he tells you (it’s a lot).
I loved his animated character and he made me laugh – something I cherish a lot in a person. Whether you are a sceptic or a believer, I definitely think it is worth your while to try a session with Dennis.
His website is: https://www.facebook.com/DennisHandsReader?fref=ts
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